This innovative child and infant CPR and First Aid training course teaches participants how to provide emergency care for injured or ill children and infants. Participants learn about the types of medical emergencies that children face, and how they differ from adults. The curriculum also includes the importance of attending to basic emergency situations with children, the emotional aspects of caring for children, secondary care for children, and preventing common injuries and illnesses in children.
The Infant and Child CPR and First Aid course trains the lay rescuer to follow the same priorities of care used by medical professionals. The student masters the priorities and the procedures of patient care for infants and children in a non-stressful learning environment, which reduces the performance anxieties that interfere with learning and enhances confidence when rendering aid in a real medical emergency.
The course includes both CPR and first aid skills. The CPR portion of the course prepares the rescuer to help an infant or child with a life-threatening emergency such as choking or cardiac arrest. First Aid focuses on developing first aid skills and building the rescuer’s confidence to help an infant or child in need when emergency medical services are either delayed or unavailable.
The infant and child CPR and First Aid course is medically based, following the same priorities of care used by professional emergency care providers. The course assumes a local Emergency Medical Service is in place to support Emergency Responder care.
The course content is based on guidelines from the Pediatric Working Group of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation – ILCOR.
Participants do not need to have previous CPR or first aid training, although those who do will find the course a good refresher for general emergency care skills.
Providing all independent study is completed prior to class the Infant and Child CPR and First Aid course is approximately 6 hours in duration. All skills are performance based and not time based ensuring that all skills have been mastered.
The Emergency First Response Care for Children course covers emergency care for many life threatening situations. Participants are taught the Cycle of Care to guide them.
Care for Children course goals are:
- Increase access to CPR education, increase effectiveness and efficiency of instruction, improve skill retention, and reduce barriers to action for basic life support providers.
- Provide a positive and nurturing learning environment that increases skill retention and encourages participant action.
- Teach a course that increases the percentage of CPR and first aid-trained laypersons who use their skills without hesitation to assist those in need.
- Combine CPR and first aid into one Emergency Responder protocol.
- Teach a simple CPR and first aid protocol that promotes long-term memory retention by participants.
- Maximize participant skill development and practice time, while minimizing instructor led knowledge development (lectures). Some workplace requirements, however, require a certain number of hours of lecture time be completed. In this context, instructor-led knowledge development sessions may be necessary.
- Integrate participant independent study whenever possible for course efficiency and to respect valuable participant time.
- Teach a course following the latest ILCOR (International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation) and regional guidelines, thus providing an internationally consistent course flexible enough to accommodate regional CPR and first aid protocols and cultural differences.
Core Performance Requirements
Upon completion of the Care for Children course, Emergency Responders will be able to:
- Demonstrate procedures for assessing an emergency scene for safety.
- Demonstrate procedures for donning, removing and disposing of gloves. This includes removing gloves without snapping or tearing them. Also, properly position a ventilation barrier on a mannequin.
- Perform a responsiveness check on a child and infant.
- Check for an open airway using one of two methods: head tilt-chin lift or pistol-grip lift.
- Check for normal breathing.
- Perform a Primary Assessment on a conscious and responsive child.
- Perform a Primary Assessment on an unresponsive and unconscious child.
- Place an unresponsive, breathing child in the recovery position.
- Perform child chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 chest compressions per minute and depressing the chest at least one-third the depth of chest – approximately 5 cm/2 inches.
- Perform child CPR – chest compressions combined with rescue breathing – at a ratio of 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths.
- Minimize interruptions in chest compressions.
- Perform CPR for an infant – chest compressions combined with rescue breathing – at a ratio of 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths.
- Perform infant CPR – chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 chest compressions per minute and depressing the chest at least one-third the depth of chest – approximately 4 cm/1.5 inches.
- Demonstrate how to assist a conscious choking child with a partial or severe airway obstruction.
- Demonstrate how to assist a conscious choking infant with a partial or severe airway obstruction.
- Demonstrate how to use sustained direct pressure and a pressure bandage to manage a serious bleeding wound.
- Demonstrate how to manage shock by conducting a primary assessment, protecting the child and stabilizing the head.
- Demonstrate how to manage a suspected spinal injury by conducting a primary assessment, protecting the child and stabilizing the head.
- Demonstrate how to place a child on his back by performing a log roll to minimize spine and neck movement.
- Demonstrate how to conduct a head-to-toe injury assessment on a child and note injuries to report to Emergency Medical Service (EMS) personnel.
- Demonstrate how to bandage a foot, leg, hand or arm using roller bandages and triangular bandages.
- Ask how a child feels and obtaining information about a child’s medical history.
- Check a child’s respirations, pulse rate, temperature, skin moisture and color.
- Report findings to Emergency Medical Service (EMS) personnel.
- Perform all skills in a manner that minimizes risk to the Emergency Responder, patient and bystanders.
- Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) on a mannequin according to the manufacturer’s guidelines for use on a child.
- Place AED pads on a mannequin.
- Deliver CPR during AED retrieval, set up and use to minimize interruptions in chest compressions.
- Assist a child who has been successfully defibrillated with an AED.